Make sure your hypothesis is a specific statement relating to a single experiment. The way that you structure your research questions; that is, the way that you write out your research questions will vary depending on the type of research question you are trying to answer [see the article: Administrators who provide wellness programs for their employees receive higher employee ratings on selected leadership qualities than administrators who do not provide wellness programs.
To learn more about these three types of quantitative research question i. Sometimes, the dependent variable needs to be broken into two parts around the group s you are interested in so that the research question flows.
The examples illustrate the difference between the use of a single group e.
Identified the variables in the project. Does the amount of calcium in the diet of elementary school children effect the number of cavities they have per year? We make an "educated guess. Describe the purpose of each and understand the importance of a well-developed question or hypothesis.
Independent and dependent variables A variable is not only something that we measure. We could describe factors relating to the make-up of these Facebook users, quantifying how many or what proportion of these university students were male or female, or what their average age was.
Dependent variable 1st; group 2nd: In the second example, the research question is not only interested in what the factors influencing career choices are, but which of these factors are the most important. The first two examples highlight that while the name of the dependent variable is the same, namely daily calorific intake, the way that this dependent variable is written out differs in each case.
Does the question flow? Sometimes the number of sources you find will help you discover whether your research question is too broad, too narrow, or okay? How to structure quantitative research questions ].
These three approaches to examining the variables you are interested in i. A complete hypothesis should include: As a general rule, we would suggest using hypotheses rather than research questions in these cases. It builds upon previously accumulated knowledge e.
The following video may be helpful in learning how to choose appropriate keywords and search online databases: This question may allow the researcher to collect data but does not lend itself to collecting data that can be used to create a valid argument because the data is just factual information.
How many calories are consumed per day by American men and women? If you feel like the research questions are no more than a repetition of the research hypotheses, it is often better to include only one or the other i.
Who will it help and how? Research Questions, discusses how to choose whether to use a hypothesis or a question when creating a research project.
Name of the dependent variable How the dependent variable is written out Daily calorific intake How many calories do American men and women consume per day? We use the word groups of variables because both categorical and continuous variables include additional types of variables.
When performing quantitative analysis on the data you collect during the dissertation process, you need to understand what type of categorical or continuous variables you are measuring.
Is it a hot topic, or is it becoming obsolete? What are the effects of intervention programs in the elementary schools on the rate of childhood obesity among 3rd - 6th grade students?
If so, you will be using a hypothesis.Often, one of the trickiest parts of designing and writing up any research paper is writing the hypothesis. How to structure quantitative research questions. Writing out the problem or issues you are trying to address in the form of a complete research question.
In this article, Select the appropriate structure for the chosen type of quantitative research question, based on the variables and/or groups involved.
This section of the article briefly discusses the difference between these three types of quantitative research question. What variables are you trying to measure, manipulate and/or control?
Dissertations that are based on a quantitative research design attempt to answer at least one quantitative research question. These hypothesis. A complete hypothesis should include: the variables, the population, and the predicted relationship between the variables.
Planning My Research Question or Hypothesis – This resources contains a link to a PowerPoint presentation and a series of tutorials that contain examples and tips for writing research questions and hypotheses.
Research Question Why Intro Develop a Theory Your Answer Intro Identify Variables (if applicable) more variables.” “A hypothesis can be defined as a tentative explanation of the research To be either writing-questions, or.
Developing Research Questions: Hypotheses and Variables Common Sources of Research Questions Professors Textbooks Databases This is the beginning of a good research question. Topics for research As of this writing, two useful search engines are Ingenta, Galaxy and Google.Download